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54th World Congress on Nursing and Health Care

Tokyo, Japan

Mfuh Anita Yafeh

Mfuh Anita Yafeh

Ahmadu Bello University, Nigeria

Title: Prevalence and risk factors of neonatal jaundice in special care baby unit of Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital Zaria , Nigeria

Biography

Biography: Mfuh Anita Yafeh

Abstract

Neonatal jaundice is a very common condition worldwide occurring in up to 60% of term and 80% of preterm newborns in the first week of  life. It`s  incidence varies with geography.  It  is a leading cause of  hospitalization  in the first week of  life worldwide. If  inappropriately managed,  it may result in significant bilirubin-induced mortality and disability. The study seek to determine the prevalence and risk factors of  neonatal jaundice in Special Care Baby Unit of Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital  Zaria , Nigeria. The study aimed at  determining  the number of neonates diagnosed  with jaundice, the sex distribution,  type of jaundice diagnosed,  risk factors and  treatment modalities.  An ex-post facto survey design with  in-depth  interviews  were used to collct data. Secondary data was obtained from  the medical record department of  the hospital and nurses in the Special Care Baby Unit responded to the interviews.. Data obtained showed that  480 neonates were diagnosed with jaundice out of 1470 neonates admitted with the highest prevalence in 2017. Male neonates (64%) sufferd jaundice more than  females. Physiological jandice was the most prevalent type of jaundice. The  major treatment  rendered  was drugs/phototherpay (65%).  Some factors responsible for the increase were ; poor breastfeeding practice by mothers, sepsis,  ABO incompatability among others.  It was recommended  that  mothers be educated  on the causes of  neonatal jaundice, early breastfeeding practice,  early recognision of signs of  jaundice and present to the hospital on time since most of the women in the area of study deliver at home and usually present  with the babies late to the hospital. There is also need  for a bigger and well established, organized and functional unit (SCBU) in the hospital  that can  cater for the increased number of neonates suffering from jaundice. More  qualified health  personnels should be employed in the unit to cater for the  large number of  neonates diagnosed  with jaundice.