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47th World Congress on Nursing & Health Care

Singapore City, singapore

Jiadai Hu

Southern Medical University, China

Title: The relationship between the expectation gap of postpartum support and the maternal self efficacy in primiparas

Biography

Biography: Jiadai Hu

Abstract

Statement of the Problem: It has been proved that maternal self-efficacy was a significant predictor of parental behaviour and evidence have shown that social support was also associated with maternal self-efficacy. However, few studies explore the relationship between the expectation gap of postpartum support and the maternal self efficacy in primiparas. The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between the expectation gap of postpartum support and the maternal self efficacy in primiparas. Methodology & Theoretical Orientation: This study was a cross-sectional questionnaire survey which assessed 99 primiparas from a maternity hospital. Chinese version of postpartum support questionnaire and chinese version of maternal self efficacy questionnaire were administered to evaluate participant maternal self-efficacy and postpartum social support, respectively. Findings: The mean score of primipara maternal self-efficacy was 75.69±11.16 and the mean score of the expectation gap of postpartum social support was 33.18±25.4. The postpartum social support expectation gap had a negative relationship with the maternal self-efficacy score (r = -0.347, P < 0.001). Conclusion & Significance: The expectation gap of postpartum support of primipara was associated with the maternal self-efficacy. It is important to evaluate the social support of primipara and provide targeted social support which can improve the the maternal self efficacy of primiparas.