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47th World Congress on Nursing & Health Care

Singapore City, singapore

Hsueh-Ching Wu

Department of Nursing, Shin Sheng Junior College of Medical Care and Management, Taoyuan, Taiwan

Title: Analyzing HBV infection risk arising from PIs among Taiwan’s HCWs

Biography

Biography: Hsueh-Ching Wu

Abstract

Background and aim: Taiwan is a high endemic area for hepatitis B virus (HBV), with approximately 17% of the general public was seropositive for HBV.  Because of the high population prevalence of blood-borne viruses such as HBV in Taiwan, healthcare workers (HCWs) in this country may be facing higher seroconversion occupational risks stemming from percutaneous injuries (PIs) compared to other developed countries. The aims of this study were to calculate the incidence rate of HBV high infection risk PIs for Taiwan’s HCWs and to estimate the annual number of HBV seroconversion after high infection risk PIs for those HCWs.

Methods: This analysis includes data from Chinese EPINet between 1 January 2012 and 31 December 2012.  Incidence rate was calculated by using the number of the full-time equivalent HCWs in the hospitals which contributed reporting of the HBV high infection risk PIs. The national HCWs number of seroconversion after HBV high infection risk PIs was estimated by incidence rate, the probabilities (12%~31%) of seroconversion in literature review and the numbers of national HCWs in Taiwan.

Results:  1.The incidence rate of HBV high infection risk PIs is 0.44/100 FTEs for Taiwan’s HCWs. 2.The annual number HBV seroconversion is estimated to be 11~28 for Taiwan’s HCWs. If consider the underreporting rate, the number may been estimated to be 52~133.

Conclusions: The estimated number of HBV seroconversion is a reminder and an alert to all HCWs. It should be provided a comprehensive Hepatitis B vaccine delivery plan for all medical personnel, in particular medical personnel and support workers, to enhance immunity and reduce occupational injuries.